Cystitis is a common urinary tract infection that causes inflammation of the bladder. It is more common in women and also less likely to be a complication due to another underlying condtion. Mild cystitis generally clears up by itself and is a cause of irritation rather than concern. However more serious cases of cystitis require antibiotic treatment. If you ignore cystitis you could develop a kidney infection.
What Causes Urinary Tract Infections?
UTIs develop when part of the urinary tract gets infected with bacteria, most commonly by bacteria that live in the digestive system. Escherichia coli (E.Coli) is the most common cause of this infection. E.Coli is not the only cause however and sometimes other bacterias may be responsible for the patients symptoms. They enter the tract commonly through the patients urethra but can in very rare cases come via the patients blood. The bacteria can move up the tract and cause infection at the urethra (urethritis), bladder (cystitis) and kidneys (pyelonephritis - medical emergency).
There is no set reason behind why urinary tract infection occurs and thus avoidance is difficult. There are however some risk factors that increase the chances of developing a UTI:
There are certain ways to reduce the chances of getting a UTI, including:
Signs of cystitis include;
If you have symptoms of cystitis it is important that you consult your doctor especially in men. Men with urinary tract infections should seek medical advice as soon as possible. Women are more susceptible to having cystitis because their urethra is very close to their anal passage and thus more likely to have bacterial contamination.
Uncomplicated lower UTIs such as Cystitis in females can be effectively treated with either alkali-based neutralizing sachets or antibiotics.
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